CHRISTMAS OFFER Subscribe to France Magazines today CLICK HERE

An insider’s guide to France’s wine regions

PUBLISHED: 16:39 14 June 2017 | UPDATED: 13:41 28 June 2017

Hunawihr, on the Alsace wine route, is one of France's Plus Beaux Villages ©phbcz - Getty Images/Stockphoto

Hunawihr, on the Alsace wine route, is one of France's Plus Beaux Villages ©phbcz - Getty Images/Stockphoto


Plan your next trip to France with our guide to the 11 French wine regions


53 appellations: including Alsace, Alsace Grands Crus, Crémant d’Alsace

Dominant grape varieties: Riesling, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Gewürztraminer

Wine area: 15,545ha

In the north-east of the country, close to Germany, the Alsace vineyards are protected by the Vosges mountains. The many different grape varieties which thrive here produce rich and aromatic wines, from dry and delicate to full-bodied – primarily though, Alsace is known for its dry and sweet white wines. The Alsace Wine Route, one of the oldest in France, covers 170km of landscapes rich with medieval villages, half-timbered houses, châteaux and Romanesque and Gothic churches, as well as the famous vineyards, and there is also a Vineyard Cycleway. Community wine events take place from April to October, and the region is also famous for its Christmas markets and has 26 Michelin-starred restaurants. The vineyards are in the Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin départements. Colmar, the capital of Alsatian wine, is particularly picturesque, as are the villages of Eguisheim, Hunawihr, Hunspach, Mittelbergheim and Riquewihr. The countryside is a mix of vineyards, forests and farmers’ fields, and includes the Ballons des Vosges regional nature park with its spectacular mountain scenery.

The Beaujolais wine region has many pretty villages, such as St Julien �mbonaparte - Getty Images/iStockphotoThe Beaujolais wine region has many pretty villages, such as St Julien �mbonaparte - Getty Images/iStockphoto


12 appellations: including Brouilly, Chénas, Côte de Brouilly, Chiroubles, Fleurie, Juliénas, Morgon, Moulin-à-Vent, Régnié, St-Amour, Beaujolais-Villages, Beaujolais

Dominant grape varieties: Gamay, Chardonnay

Wine area: 15,733ha

Known world-wide for Beaujolais nouveau, which is famously uncorked every November, the wine-producing area is set within the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, between Burgundy and Lyon. Like most of its wines, the nouveau is red. You can discover the pretty Beaujolais villages and rolling countryside along the 140km wine route, meet some of the 200 winemakers and sample some of the fabulous food this area offers, including Michelin-starred restaurants. Beaujolais was once a historic province but now the vineyards lie within the north of the Rhône and south of the Saône-et-Loire departments Away from the city of Lyon, France’s foodie capital, rolling hills and vineyards are dotted with pretty villages and towns such as Macon, Charolles, Oingt and Semur-en-Brionnais. Flights from the UK into Lyon make the area easy to access.

Vineyards of Chablis in Burgundy �neko92vl - Getty Images/iStockphotoVineyards of Chablis in Burgundy �neko92vl - Getty Images/iStockphoto


100 appellations: 23 origin-approved (AOC) regions, 44 origin-approved villages; 33 of the best wines listed as grands crus including Côte de Nuits, Côte de Beaune, Côte Chalonnaise, Chablis, Maconnais

Dominant grape varieties: (Red) Pinot noir, Gamay; (White) Chardonnay, Aligoté

Wine area: 28,715ha

Burgundy’s vineyard plots are uniquely known as climats; together they stretch 230km from Auxerre to Macon. The varied Burgundy wines are among the most famous in the world, created in villages such as Pommard, Gevrey-Chambertin, Puligny-Montrachet, St-Véran and Pouilly Fuissé. The regional capital Dijon is well worth a visit while towns such as Beaune are firm tourist favourites (the Hospices de Beaune hosts the most famous wine auction in the world), along with the area’s many châteaux, Romanesque churches and abbeys. The Côte de Nuits area is the heartland of the region’s Grand Crus. The ever-popular aperitif kir was created in Burgundy – an authentic one should be made from crème de cassis and Burgundy Aligoté wine. The Burgundy vineyards are quite widely spread, from the Yonne department in the north moving east into the Côte-d’Or and south into the Saône-et-Loire. As well as the vineyards, there are lovely canal and river locations, the Morvan regional nature park and popular towns and villages such as Beaune, Cluzy, Vézelay, Auxerre, Châteauneuf, Flavigny-sur-Ozerain, Macon and Semur-en-Brionnais. Although there are no airports in Burgundy, Lyon isn’t too far, especially from the southern vineyards, and there are good road and rail links.


Related articles

French vineyards: 10 tips to make the most of your visit

Our favourite 10 wine producing towns in France


The Montagne de Reims vinyards are some of the most prestigious winthin the champagne area ©artJazz - Getty Images/iStockphotoThe Montagne de Reims vinyards are some of the most prestigious winthin the champagne area ©artJazz - Getty Images/iStockphoto


1 appellation: Champagne

Dominant grape varieties: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Meunier

Wine area: 34,000ha

The most famous of all the world’s wines, and the only sparkling wine that can be called champagne, hails from this north-eastern corner of France. The two-stage fermentation was reputed to have been discovered by the monk Dom Pérignon – it may not be true but it’s a nice story, and he can certainly be credited with contributing to the technique that produced a successful white wine from red grapes. The vineyards divide into four regions – Montagne de Reims, Vallée de la Marne, Côte des Blancs and Côte des Bar – which together comprise nearly 278,000 individual pieces of land, with an average surface area of two hectares. No visit to the area is complete without a tour of at least one of the champagne houses in Reims and Epernay, or a tasting tour of the producers based in the pretty villages. The champagne vineyards are mainly located in the Marne department. Other popular towns and villages include Châlons-en-Champagne, Chaumont, Langres, Troyes, Bar-sur-Aube and Les Riceys, and the region is also home to the leisure lake Lac du Chantercoq. The nearest airports are in Paris, but it’s an easy drive or train ride from the Channel ports.

A view over the rooftops and vineyards of Sancerre, ond of the Loire Valley's best known vintages �Kloeg008 - Getty Images/iStockphotoA view over the rooftops and vineyards of Sancerre, ond of the Loire Valley's best known vintages �Kloeg008 - Getty Images/iStockphoto

Loire Valley

85 appellations: including Muscadet, Rosé d’Anjou, Touraine, Saumur, Chinon, Pouilly-Fumé

Dominant grape varieties: (Red) Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Gamay, Grolleau, Pineau d’Aunis, Malbec; (White) Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon, Melon de Bourgogne, Chardonnay

Wine area: 74,800ha

The largest UNESCO World Heritage Site in the world, recognised for its remarkable landscapes and châteaux, the Loire Valley is also known for its vineyards, which stretch from Nantes to Sancerre. Its 1,000km wine route is the longest in France, passing troglodyte homes, châteaux, gardens and royal abbeys. Here, the names of wines and châteaux, are synonymous: Chenonceau, Chambord, Brissac, Saumur, and Chinon. Wine districts include Muscadet, Anjou, Saumur, Touraine and Sancerre, producing a wide range of wines. You can meet the winemakers and sample their wares in 400 specially accredited cellars, while the more active can explore the vineyards by bike or follow the 800km of cycle paths along the River Loire. As the vineyards are spread along the River Loire, they stretch a fair distance from as far inland as the Cher and Loiret departments all the way to the Atlantic coast. The Loire Valley is an easy day’s drive from Channel ports and there are also UK flights to Angers, Nantes, Tours and Poitiers.

Set between mountains and lakes, the Savoie vineyards include traditional villages such as Apremont �Antoine Aur�lien - Getty Images/iStockphotoSet between mountains and lakes, the Savoie vineyards include traditional villages such as Apremont �Antoine Aur�lien - Getty Images/iStockphoto


3 appellations: Savoie, Roussette de Savoie, Seysell

Dominant grape varieties: (Red) Mondeuse, Pinot Noir, Gamay, Persan; (White) Chardonnay, Jacquère, Roussanne, Altesse, Chasselas

Wine area: under 2,000ha

Although more noted for its mountainous landscapes and outdoor activities, the Alps also have vineyards, producing both white and red wines, plus a few rosés and the sparkling Crémant de Savoie. The wine route passes huge lakes (Léman, Bourget, Annecy and Aiguebelette), rivers and waterfalls, as well as medieval châteaux and villages such as Apremont and Jongieux. Savoie is known for its cheeses, including Reblochon and Beaufort – they make the perfect complement for a wine-tasting. You can enjoy the wines direct from the vineyards or at one of the 36 Michelin-starred restaurants in the Savoie Mont Blanc region. Sometimes separate and sometimes lumped in with Savoie, the Jura wine region has seven appellations, beautiful landscapes and more affordable property. With all those tourists flocking to the mountains in summer and winter, travel connections are good with airports at Geneva, Lyon, Grenoble and Chambéry, and even a ski train direct to the ski areas.


Related articles

Road trip: explore Champagne country

Explore Champagne and Burgundy


Bordeaux wine towns such as St Emilion are very popular to visit �Nellmac - Getty Images/iStockphotoBordeaux wine towns such as St Emilion are very popular to visit �Nellmac - Getty Images/iStockphoto


60 appellations including: St-Emilion, Pomerol, St-Estephe, Pauillac, St-Julien, Margaux, Haut Medoc, Listrac, Moulis, Médoc, Graves, Pessac-Léognan, Sauternes

Dominant grape varieties: (Red) Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon; (White) Sémillon, Sauvignon, Muscadelle

Wine area: 120,000ha

With a wine-making tradition stretching back 20 centuries, Bordeaux is France’s premier fine-wine region. It is renowned for its elegant châteaux (6,000 of them), which give their names to some of the world’s most famous wines – Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Latour, Château Mouton-Rothschild, Château Margaux, Château Haut-Brion, Château Cheval Blanc, Château Ausone, Château Pétrus, Château Le Pin… You’ll also find historic villages and towns, not to mention the eponymous city, much revamped over recent years. Bordeaux’s wide variety of wines is matched by its landscapes, from the Atlantic Ocean to the River Garonne and the Pyrénées mountains. Wine areas include the Médoc, Blaye and Bourg, the Libournais, Entre Deux Mers, Graves and Sauternais, as well as Bordeaux and Bordeaux Supérieur. The area obviously centres on Bordeaux, but wine towns like St-Emilion are also popular as well as seaside resorts such as Arcachon – you don’t have to travel far from the vineyards to the beautiful Atlantic coastline of the Côte d’Argent.

Home to tourist hotspots such the city of Carcassonne, Languedoc-Roussillon has France's largest wine area �javarman3 - Getty Images/iStockphotoHome to tourist hotspots such the city of Carcassonne, Languedoc-Roussillon has France's largest wine area �javarman3 - Getty Images/iStockphoto


36 appellations including: Languedoc, Corbières, Faugères, Minervois, St-Chinian

Dominant grape varieties: (Red) Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Carignan; (White) Bourboulenc, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne, Vermentino, Picpoul

Wine area: 245,000 hectares

Stretching from the mountains to the sea, the vast Languedoc wine region was traditionally known for producing quantity over quality, but that has changed over recent years with local winemakers keen to bring the standards up to compete with other wine-producing regions. This sunny southern area produces a variety of wines – red, white, rosé and sparkling – and everywhere you look, there’s a vineyard. The wine area includes the vineyards of the Minervois, Corbières, Fitou, St-Chinion, Faugères, Picpoul de Pinet and Limoux – the sparkling Blanquette de Limoux is said to be the oldest wine in the world, even older than champagne. The region combines striking scenery, from the peaks of the Pyrénées to the shores of the Mediterranean, with a rich cultural and architectural heritage – it’s home to the Pont du Gard, Nîmes arena, Cathar castles, the Canal du Midi and the walled city of Carcassonne, as well as numerous abbeys, medieval villages and fishing ports.

Rows of vines tickle the foot of Ansouis in the Luberon in Provence �GordonBellPhotography - Getty Images/iStockphotoRows of vines tickle the foot of Ansouis in the Luberon in Provence �GordonBellPhotography - Getty Images/iStockphoto


9 appellations including: Côtes de Provence, Coteaux d’Aix-en-Provence, Les Baux-de-Provence, Coteaux Varois en Provence

Dominant grape varieties: (Red) Syrah, Grenache, Cinsault, Mourvèdre, Tibouren, Carignan, Cabernet Sauvignon; (White) Rolle, Ugni Blanc, Sémillon

Wine area: 43,700ha

Along the Mediterranean coast and into the hinterland, Provence has been home to vineyards for thousands of years. From Nice to the Camargue, the Provence wine route combines 430 vineyards and cooperative wine cellars. Although Provence is known for its rosé, it also produces strong well-rounded reds as well as refreshing and aromatic white wines. Settled by the Greeks and Romans (who first planted the vines), it’s clear that this southern hotspot has long been popular with settlers. Holidaymakers throng to its market towns, historic villages and Mediterranean coast, eager to soak up all that southern sunshine, which also ripens all the grapes of course. The region was popular with painters too, such as Cézanne and Van Gogh, who immortalised its landscapes. You can see their masterpieces in museums throughout the region, and also visit Roman monuments. Popular towns include Aix-en-Provence, Fréjus, Les Baux-de-Provence and Brignoles – the vineyards even extend to the coastal towns of Bandol and Cassis.


Related articles

France’s top 10 wine experiences

10 outstanding vineyards in France you have to visit


The Rhône river flows past historic cities like Avignon and the vineyards are never far away ©Bertl123 - Getty Images/iStockphotoThe Rhône river flows past historic cities like Avignon and the vineyards are never far away ©Bertl123 - Getty Images/iStockphoto

Rhône valley

45 appellations including: Côtes-du-Rhône, Côtes-du-Rhône Villages, Luberon, Ventoux, Grignan-les-Adhémar, Costières-de-Nîmes, Clairette-de-Bellegarde, Duché-d’Uzès, Côtes-du-Vivarais

Dominant grape varieties: (Red) Syrah, Grenache, Mourvèdre; (White) Viognier, Roussanne, Marsanne, Grenache Blanc, Bourboulenc

Wine area: 71,000ha

Stretching from Lyon to the Camargue, the Rhône Valley vineyards produce some of France’s best known wines. The wine area divides into the more hilly north referred to in French as Rhône septentrional (hilly) and the plains and gentle slopes of the south or Rhône méridional. The wines are mostly red, with robust reds and aromatic whites in the north, and full-bodied reds, expressive whites and fruity rosés in the south. There are sweet wines too. Some 14 wine routes wind through historic villages such as Hermitage, Côte-Rôtie, Beaumes-de-Venise and Châteauneuf-du-Pape. The landscape ranges from mountains to lavender fields and olive groves, while manmade sites include the Palace of the Popes in Avignon or the Roman Pont du Gard. There are historic towns and cities to visit too, among them Lyon, Vienne, Valence, Vaison la Romaine, Orange, Avignon and Nîmes.

A vineyard by the iconic Pont Valentr� near Cahors �Doug Schweigert - Getty Images/iStockphotoA vineyard by the iconic Pont Valentr� near Cahors �Doug Schweigert - Getty Images/iStockphoto


15 appellations including: Bergerac, Buzet, Cahors, Côtes de Duras and Côtes du Marmandais

Dominant grape varieties: (Red) Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot; (White) Sémillon, Sauvignon, Muscadelle

Wine area: 50,300ha

The south-west vineyards cover 12 districts, from the Massif Central plateau to the Gascony hills and the Pyrénées mountains, taking in towns such as Toulouse, Cahors, Auch, Albi, Rocamadour and Conques, as well as the St-Jacques-de-Compostelle pilgrim trail, Canal du Midi and Millau Viaduct. The area is also home to 29 Plus Beaux Villages, 33 World Heritage-listed monuments and 22 Michelin-starred chefs. Wines cover most options, ranging from light reds or reds to keep and mature, to soft or full-bodied rosés, and dry, mellow or sparkling whites; they go hand in hand with local produce such as foie gras, truffles and Roquefort cheese. The south-west is a less distinct wine region than others, spreading across a huge area. The vineyards stretch south and inland of Bordeaux, mainly within Aquitaine and the western part of the Midi-Pyrénées (now part of the Nouvelle Aquitaine and Occitanie regions). They divide into sub-regions around the River Dordogne (e.g. Bergerac, Duras, Monbazillac), River Garonne (e.g. Cahors, Buzet, Gaillac, Fronton, Marcillac), Gascony (e.g. Madiran) and Basque country (Béarn, Jurancon).

Article by France Magazine France Magazine

More from Travel

Friday, December 7, 2018

These welcoming and wonderful Christmas markets are just a short trip across the Channel away, so what are you waiting for?

Read more
Wednesday, November 28, 2018

Discover the Christmas delights of northern France with our top five Christmas markets in the region

Read more
Wednesday, November 28, 2018

From lakeside jazz festivals to chestnut fairs, get stuck in with these events taking place across France in December 2018

Read more
Thursday, November 22, 2018

You can ditch the airport queues and long drives, and hit the rails instead, says Daniel Elkan. The French Alps has an abundance of ski resorts that suit families, easily accessed by train.

Read more
Monday, November 19, 2018

Budget travellers can pay nothing to stay at bed and breakfasts around the world during Barter Week in exchange for manual, creative or teaching activities

Read more
Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Find out when your favourite French ski resort opens and closes this year and start planning your ski trip to France

Read more
Winter trips
Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Find out what events are taking place in France to commemorate the Armistice centenary.

Read more
Friday, October 26, 2018

The full route of the 2019 Tour de France was announced in Paris on 25 October

Read more
Tuesday, October 23, 2018

From hot air balloon gatherings to scallop festivals, there’s always something fun and unique going on in France in November

Read more
Monday, October 22, 2018

Visit historic cities, Western Front battlefields and Unesco heritage sites on a journey through Hauts-de-France

Read more
Subscribe for

Newsletter Sign Up

Sign up to the following newsletters:

Sign up to receive our regular email newsletter

Our Privacy Policy

France Forum

Questions about France? Visit our free France forum to get help and advice from thousands of other Francophiles and expats. Topics include: property, tax, law, travelling, pets, education, healthcare and much more.

Join the forum

Most Read

Join us on social media

France magazine
Living France magazine
French Property News magazine

Enter our competitions

Win books, DVDs, travel and even holidays in France in our great competitions! Take a look at our latest competitions…

Enter now